The U.S. Department of Agriculture says it’s setting aside more than half a billion dollars for fishermen hurt by tariffs associated with the U.S.-China trade war. Some Alaskans are applauding the move, but others worry the program leaves some out.
Jeremy Leighton is a dive fisherman based in Ketchikan. That means he spends as many days as he can looking for sea cucumbers and geoduck clams on the cold, murky seafloor.
He was among the first Alaskans to see the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Most of Alaska’s geoduck clam harvest is sold to consumers in China. When China locked down as the coronavirus spread, demand for the husky bivalves collapsed and managers closed the market.
Leighton and other fishermen were already facing a tough market — they were looking at a 25% tariff on seafood exported to China.
“So the last year prices dropped since […] the tariffs were put on,” Leighton said.
But it’s not just geoduck fishermen. Frances Leach heads up United Fishermen of Alaska, a fishing industry group.
“China seems to be one of the biggest markets for a lot of our seafood products in Alaska. And not just buying them for consumption, but also processing. We send a lot of seafood over to China to be processed,” Leach said.
Now, Leighton and thousands of other U.S. fishermen could be eligible for a new program designed to help fishermen hurt by the tariff on seafood.
It’s an Agriculture Department initiative called the Seafood Trade Relief Program. U.S. Sen. Dan Sullivan said it’s a new twist on an old trade war strategy.
“There have been long standing U.S. Department of Agriculture programs that provide relief to farmers, when their products exported are hit with retaliatory tariffs,” Sullivan said. “And what I’ve been arguing to the president and his entire team, is that if the farmers get that kind of relief, then our fishermen should get that kind of relief as well.”
Sullivan called the program “historic.” He says it’s the first time the USDA has set aside money for fishermen in response to retaliatory tariffs, though other federal agencies and programs often provide assistance to Alaska fishermen.
A wide variety of fishermen are eligible. The USDA says it’ll provide cash transfers based on licensed fishermen’s total 2019 landings — 16 cents a pound for salmon, 4 cents a pound for herring and a whopping 76 cents per pound for geoduck clams.
“Sixteen of the 19 species included in the program are harvested in Alaska,” Sullivan said.
That includes four kinds of crab, Alaska pollock, sablefish and more.
So, $500 million for fishermen: great news, right?
“We probably have, I would say, more questions than we have answers at this point in time,” said Southeast Alaska Regional Dive Fisheries Association Co-Executive Director Phil Doherty.
He said he’s concerned that one key species often exported to China was left off the list: sea cucumbers.
Leach, the UFA director, said that’s because that fishery didn’t see a big enough loss due to tariffs, based on USDA’s calculations. She said halibut didn’t meet the threshold, either.
“And the reason for that is because halibut is a domestic market. We don’t market that as much internationally, so it was — halibut was not impacted as much by the trade war,” Leach said.
But she encourages anyone who might be eligible to apply.
“The fish haven’t been coming back — a lot of species are not doing so well. So commercial fishermen have really seen a downturn in a lot of areas,” she said. “My advice to commercial fishermen is that if there’s this opportunity to get some funding, to go on and apply for it.”
Leighton, the geoduck and sea cucumber diver, says he’s not sure whether he will. He says he hasn’t had much luck with federal pandemic aid programs yet.
“It’s difficult for us to actually get them. I’ve applied for three of them and I’ve gotten $1,000,” he said.
He says it’s hard to keep track of all the paperwork — receipts, bills, and such. He says he’ll take a look at the requirements and decide whether to apply.
The application for the Seafood Trade Relief Program goes live Sept. 14 and is open through Dec. 14. You can find that at farmers.gov/seafood.