Alaska health officials urge flu vaccines as case counts rise among children

The Children’s Hospital at the Providence Medical Center in Anchorage. (Photo by Joey Mendolia/Alaska Public Media)

State health officials are urging Alaskans to get flu vaccines and take other protective measures as case counts increase rapidly across the country.

States in the southern half of the Lower 48 have the most flu cases right now. But in a public health presentation Wednesday, state epidemiologist Dr. Joe McLaughlin said the wave is expected to reach Alaska in the coming weeks.

“We’re seeing very high rates of increase of influenza-like activity in the nation, and it’s occurring much earlier than it has in recent years,” he said.

A map showing flu rates across the United States
Influenza-like illness activity refers to hospital visits for a range of respiratory illnesses, including flu, RSV and COVID. (Map from the CDC’s U.S. Outpatient Influenza-like Illness Surveillance Network)

Respiratory syncytial virus, or RSV, is also spreading. McLaughlin said elderly people and young children — especially premature babies and those with chronic respiratory illnesses — are particularly vulnerable.

“Most people who get an RSV infection will have mild illness and will recover within one to two weeks, but some people do get very sick and require hospitalization,” he said.

There’s no vaccine for RSV, but a monoclonal antibody treatment is available for at-risk patients.

Both RSV and the flu are already straining regional hospital systems. Flu-related hospitalizations among children are currently at levels not usually seen until late December and early January, according to data from the CDC.

Gene Wiseman is the Division of Public Health’s section chief for rural and community health systems. He said staff shortages and the early rise in RSV and flu cases are already impacting hospitals’ ability to transfer patients out of state.

“Region IX and Region X, which are our neighboring states — Region X being Idaho, Washington and Oregon — are all at capacity as well in their hospitals,” Wiseman said. “So although they’re a normal pop-off valve for some of our sicker patients here, we’re finding that we’re needing to hold patients in Alaska.”

While some transfers are still happening, Wiseman said, there are “extreme limitations.”

A line graph showing weekly flu hospitalizations for different years. The 2022-23 line shows a sharp increase weeks before previous years.
Nationwide, kids’ flu-related hospitalizations are currently at levels not usually seen until late December and early January. (Screenshot from DHSS public health presentation.)

Health officials say having less capacity in children’s hospitals would impact the availability of emergency medical treatment for things like injuries. The state’s clinical pharmacist, Coleman Cutchins, said the situation mirrors COVID.

“With COVID, we were really worried about adults. Fortunately, it didn’t hit kids all that hard. We were worried about adult hospitals being overwhelmed, adult ICUs. But now, when we’re talking about RSV and the flu, yeah they affect adults, but we’re a lot more worried about kids.

Health officials stressed the importance of getting kids vaccinated against the flu and COVID. Annual flu vaccines are available for kids 6 months and older, and according to health officials, it’s not too late to get one this year.

Alaska Public Media

Alaska Public Media is one of our partner stations in Anchorage. KTOO collaborates with partners across the state to cover important news and to share stories with our audiences.

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