State attorney general says all 229 Alaska tribes are sovereign

The Atautchimukta dance group performs at the 2017 AFN convention.

The Atautchimukta dance group performs at the 2017 AFN convention. (Photo by Zachariah Hughes/Alaska Public Media)

On the second day of this year’s annual AFN gathering in Anchorage, there was another significant announcement regarding the relationship between the state and tribes.

Delegates were told of the Alaska attorney general’s major new opinion that could resolve decades of legal battles. The opinion concludes that Alaska’s 229 tribes are fully sovereign entities. It’s a win for tribal and indigenous advocates who have long-contended they have equal jurisdiction and standing with the state of Alaska. The news came just one day after the governor signed an unprecedented compact with tribal entities that gives them potential control over child welfare policies.

Richard Peterson chairs the Governor’s Tribal Advisory Council and is president of the Central Council of Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska.

“I don’t know if the gravity really is hitting everybody, but we’ve been arguing for recognition since statehood, and under this administration the attorney general has provided an opinion that, yes, tribes do exist, that we have inherent sovereignty,” Peterson said.

Peterson said there’s little in the 16-page opinion that will dramatically change current policy. But he offered the Village Public Safety Officers program as one example of where tribes have had lesser standing than the state in bringing safety measures to tribal communities in rural Alaska. Going forward, he said tribes will be in a better position to develop and implement policy.

“I don’t even know that it’s leverage – equity isn’t exactly leverage, it’s putting us all on the same playing field,” Peterson said. “I just look forward to being able to work together with a sense of equality and accomplish things for all Alaskans.”

Attorney General Jahna Lindemuth wrote the opinion. It lays out the administration’s position that the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act did not nullify tribal sovereignty in Alaska.

Delegates heard from the state Legislature’s House Bush Caucus. Rep. Neal Foster of Nome laid out work the group has done for Alaska Natives, including protecting the VPSO budget from cuts, keeping the minimum student enrollment number for rural schools at 10, and trying to secure more drug treatment options. Foster said that going into lawmakers’ fourth special session next week, caucus members are opposed to fiscal measures that will have a disproportionate impact on residents living off the road system.

“Part of that means we must not balance the budget on the backs of rural Alaska,” Foster said.

The convention saw a panel on climate change immediately after a presentation from a Newtok resident about a resolution going before delegates. If passed, it would support putting disaster relief resources towards dozens of communities facing erosion and near-term effects from climate change.

Ethel Lund receives the Della Keats Healing Hands Award at the Alaska Federation of Natives Convention in Anchorage on Friday, Oct. 20, 2017.

Ethel Lund receives the Della Keats “Healing Hands” Award at the Alaska Federation of Natives Convention in Anchorage on Friday, Oct. 20, 2017. The award goes to people who have played a role in bringing health care to indigenous communities. (Photo by Zachariah Hughes/Alaska Public Media)

And AFN’s most prestigious awards were announced. They included the Della Keats “Healing Hands” Award for providing health care in Native communities. This year it was given to Ethel Lund, one of the founders of the Southeast Alaska Regional Health Consortium, or SEARHC. Lund flew up Friday morning from her home in Juneau, and in spite of difficulties speaking from Parkinson’s, she said that at her august age, she sees indigenous causes improving.

“I remember the first time I was called an elder, and I wasn’t ready for it yet. I was only 72,” Lund exclaimed.

AFN wraps up on Saturday, when delegates will hear from all three members of Alaska’s congressional delegation and vote on this year’s draft resolutions.

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