Pacific tribes across borders declare ‘salmon emergency’

Taku River

The Taku River. (Photo courtesy Rivers Without Borders)

Tribal representatives from across Southeast Alaska, British Columbia and Washington state are sounding the alarm over threats posed to wild salmon across state and national borders.

“We will not surrender our responsibilities as stewards of the land and resources entrusted to us by our creator,” John Ward of the Taku River Tlingit in Atlin, British Columbia said in a statement.

Pacific tribes stretching from Yakutat, Alaska to Bellingham, Washington attended the three-day summit hosted by the Lummi Nation near Ferndale, Washington.

At the conclusion of the three-day summit, the tribal governments jointly pledged they are:

  • declaring a state of emergency regarding polluted waters and declining wild salmon stocks,
  • committing to understanding one another’s concerns, and
  • establishing a committee whereby individuals from Tribes and First Nations can come together and act on these shared concerns.

“We felt that the plight of the salmon is that emergency state at this time,” Tis Peterman, executive director the Southeast Alaska Indigenous Transboundary Commission, a consortium of 15 tribes in Southeast Alaska.

“It’s just death by a thousand cuts,” she said Thursday. “There’s so many things affecting our salmon, and this has been a focus of SEITC’s work for five years now.”

The tribes’ statement pointed to resource extraction industries, namely Canadian mines on transboundary watersheds that they say threaten fisheries that are primary food sources and the livelihoods of indigenous peoples.

In Alaska, the agency responsible for managing in-state fisheries is the Department of Fish and Game.

“I don’t think we’ve hit an emergency yet,” the agency’s Deputy Commissioner Ben Mulligan said Friday.

He said there are chinook runs that are stocks of concern on the Chilkat, Unuk and King Salmon rivers.

“We haven’t had an indication that we’re reaching that point where we would say overall in the whole of Southeast that those are stocks of concern,” he said.

But Peterman said at the tribal summit, the consensus was governments in both countries aren’t doing enough to protect wild salmon.

She said Canada’s First Nations, Alaska and Washington state tribes pledged to work closer in the future.

“Our message is we’re going to keep on working on this issue to try and come up with some solutions based on traditional ecological knowledge,” she said.

It was the second summit organized by SEITC.

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