Native art reflects traditions, new media and techniques

This is the closing weekend of the juried art show from Celebration 2012. Thirty-two pieces from twenty-one artists include the high-water mark of craftsmanship in Northwest Coast art. There are also pieces that go outside the boundaries of what is considered traditional art with new forms or techniques.

Detail of Argillite Totem

Woven Octopus Bag

Raven Bowl

How Raven Brought Light to the World

Chaak K'aa (Eagle Man Mask)

Tlingit Hawkman

Woodworm Woman

Beaver Purse

Chilkat Apron

Frog the Protector

Detail of Squared Bowl

Stained Glass Drum Raven

Lda Yeil Goes Home

Twin Ravens

Ganiinksk Gal'uunx Wedding Bentwood Box

Yeil Ts'aax Eesh (Raven Hat)

Woman of the North

Tlingit War Helmet

Spruce Root Hat

Cedar Baskets

Never Stops Rattle

Diving Raven

Thunder Bird Button Blanket

Raven Fooling the Salmon

Yei Kusanexji Yeil Lax Keit Raven Healing Mask

Raven w/ Man Halibut Hook

Devil Fish Halibut Hook

Squared Bowl

Looking for a future

Pride Lighter Case

Argillite Totem

Detail of Argillite Totem by Clarissa Rizal

Woven Octopus Bag by Shgen DooTan George

Raven Bowl by Arthur B. Nelson

How Raven Brought Light to the World by Alison Bremner

Chaak K’aa (Eagle Man Mask) by Archie J. Cavanaugh

Tlingit Hawkman by James P. Johnson

Woodworm Woman by Ruby Hughes

Beaver Purse by Harmony Hoss

Chilkat Apron by Shgen DooTan George

Frog the Protector by Zachary Knapp

Detail of Squared Bowl by Matthew Helgesen

Stained Glass Drum Raven by Amy Tessaro

Lda Yeil Goes Home by Cassandra Bulard

Twin Ravens by Beckie Etukeok

Ganiinksk Gal’uunx Wedding Bentwood Box by Mike Dangeli

Yeil Ts’aax Eesh (Raven Hat) by Archie J. Cavanaugh

Woman of the North by Shgen DooTan George

Tlingit War Helmet by Rick A. Beasley

Spruce Root Hat by Sonia Koenig-Johnson

Cedar Baskets by Sonia Koenig-Johnson

Never Stops Rattle by Jno Didrickson

Diving Raven by Ivan D. Williams

Thunder Bird Button Blanket by Zachary Knapp

Raven Fooling the Salmon by Zachary Knapp

Yei Kusanexji Yeil Lax Keit Raven Healing Mask by Fred C. Bennis

Raven w/ Man Halibut Hook by Arthur B. Nelson

Devil Fish Halibut Hook by Arthur B. Nelson

Squared Bowl by Matthew Helgesen

Looking for a Future by Ricky Tagaban

Pride Lighter Case by Nicole Clarle

Argillite Totem by Clarissa Rizal

The art competition was held in conjunction with Celebration, the biennial Native dance event and the largest Native culture gathering in Southeast Alaska. It was held in Juneau in early June. The art show, organized and sponsored by the Sealaska Heritage Institute, is intended to encourage art creation and development.

In previous years, submissions were divided into two categories, traditional and contemporary. Masks and woven baskets would fit into the former category, while glass work would be in the latter, for example. But what is new or contemporary, or non-traditional art, may itself become traditional as more artists pick up on a change in medium, form, or a new technique.

This year, judges for the competition were told to dispense with the old categories. Instead, artwork was judged in the areas of customary or customary-inspired Northwest Coast art.

Renowned Ketchikan carver Nathan Jackson judged the customary category. He says he looks for a well-thought out concept or idea, and complete symmetry. He also looks for paint application, clean cuts, and type of wood selected.

Peter Corey, Northwest art scholar and a former curator at Sheldon Jackson museum, judged customary-inspired art. He describes Northwest Coast art as strong with the formline design that appears to be pushing its bounds, the predominate and contrasting red and black, and blue and green in recessed areas. But that’s changed a little recently.

In the Customary category, Archie Cavanaugh won first place with his Eagle Man Mask, Sonya Koenig-Johnson’s Spruce Root Hat came in second, and third place went to Ruby Hughes for her vest titled Woodworm Woman.

Sealaska Heritage officials say Koenig-Johnson only took up weaving during an instructional program in Hoonah six years ago.

Cavanaugh called his winning mask meant to symbolize a transformation from eagle to man a hard and complicated project. He started by visualizing the project, and making sure the form lines and symmetry are just right.

In the Customary-Inspired Art category, Harmony Hoss won first place for her Beaver Purse, Clarissa Rizal was second for her Argillite Totem, and Shgen DooTan George took third with her Woven Octopus Bag.

Rizal says her art was inspired by a dream. She used charcoal on canvas that is then wrapped around a custom built totem. The light spaces simulate the reflected light shining off argillite and the dark charcoal the carved areas.

George entered a Chilkat apron with cedar bark backing and button blanket that drew on traditions from the indigenous Ainu people of Hokkaido. But it was her experiment of woven Raven’s tail and cut out copper pieces for the octopus bag that caught the judges eye.

Cash prizes of a $1,000, $750, and $500 were awarded to the top three in each category.

Best of show award of $1,500 went to Arthur Nelson for his Raven Bowl.

All of the artwork selected for the Celebration 2012 juried art show are on display at the Juneau Arts and Culture Center through June.

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